Device to Remotely Track and Locate the Position of a Child for Safety

  • S.M.K.C.S.B. Egodawela Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Peradeniya
  • H.M.D.M.B. Herath Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Peradeniya
  • J.V. Wijayakulasooriya Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Peradeniya
  • R.D.Ranaweera Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Peradeniya
  • Richki Hardi Universitas Mulia
Keywords: Phone, Mobile, Kidnapping, Social Media Probability, Route prediction, GSM, GPS

Abstract

Parents are always worried about the well being of their children. As per the Statistics Report 2017 by Missing Children Europe Organization, a child is reported missing every 2 minutes. Due to the imminent threat, parents are prone to buy their children mobile phones to keep in touch with them. However, giving a Mobile phone to a child can cause issues including cyber bullying, improper use of social networks, access to mature age and illicit content on the internet and possibly, phone theft. As an effort to tackle some of those issues, this paper proposes a solution which enables parents to call, locate and track their children using a child-friendly mobile device. The common scenario the device would come to play is in enhancing the safety of a child who would travel alone on a typical route; for instance a child who walks from home to school and back. The device can be calibrated to keep track of a typical route of travel. Then, if the device detects some deviation from the usual route, it would trigger a notification to parents. A probability matrix based novel algorithm is introduced to detect route deviation. Design details of the mobile device, along with the details of the route deviation detection algorithm are presented in this paper.

References

Missing Children Europe, “Figures and Trends on missing children in 2017 (from the hotlines for missing children and Cross-Border Family Mediators)” Available:http://missingchildreneurope.eu/facts&figures [Accessed January 2, 2019].

Christine O. Gregoire Attorney General of Washington & U.S. Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention “Investigative Case Management for Missing Children Homicides” Available:https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/digitization/201253ncjrs.pdf [Accessed January 2, 2019].

Dhaky, K. and Bulsara, M., 2012, October. Software for tracking vulnerable children. In 2012 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (pp. 89-92). IEEE.

Gupta, A. and Harit, V., 2016, February. Child Safety & Tracking Management System by Using GPS, Geo-Fencing & Android Application: An Analysis. In 2016 Second International Conference on Computational Intelligence & Communication Technology (CICT) (pp. 683-686). IEEE.

Rozyyev, A. and Hasbullah, H., 2010, June. Comparisons of routing protocols for child tracking in wireless sensor network. In 2010 International Symposium on Information Technology (Vol. 3, pp. 1238-1243). IEEE.

Saranya, J. and Selvakumar, J., 2013, April. Implementation of children tracking system on android mobile terminals. In 2013 International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (pp. 961-965). IEEE.

Zhang, W., Cui, Z., Zhang, D. and Wang, H., 2017, May. Design of a dual camera children monitoring system based on motion tracking technology. In 2017 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC) (pp. 1-5). IEEE.

Underwood, L., 2001. Child locating and tracking apparatus. U.S. Patent 6,278,370.

Yoshioka, M., Ozawa, J. and Tajima, T., Panasonic Corp, 2012. Parental alert and child tracking device which determines if a child has deviated from a predicated travel route. U.S. Patent 8,115,625.

Riep, T., Riep Theresa M, 2007. Child tracking device. U.S. Patent Application 11/411,354.

King, D., King Deborah L., 2005. Parental alert and child tracking device. U.S. Patent Application 10/672,871.

Elliot, B.D., MCI Communications Corp, 2001. Anytime/anywhere child locator system. U.S. Patent 6,243,039.

Al-Mazloum, A., Omer, E. and Abdullah, M.F.A., 2013. GPS and SMS-based child tracking system using smart phone. Int. J. Electr. Comput. Electron. Commun. Eng, 7(2), pp.171-174.

Rozyyev, A., Hasbullah, H. and Subhan, F., 2011. Indoor child tracking in wireless sensor network using fuzzy logic. Research Journal of Information Technology, 3(2), pp.81-92.

Michael, K., McNamee, A. and Michael, M.G., 2006, June. The emerging ethics of humancentric GPS tracking and monitoring. In 2006 International Conference on Mobile Business (pp. 34-34). IEEE.

AngleSense ”AngleSense GPS tracker” Available:https://www.angelsense.com/protect/gps-tracking-for-kids-n/?tap_a=14876-c779a9&tap_s=89315-b78fd5&utm_source=affiliate&utm_medium=jessicajiron&kbid=62750 [Accessed January 15, 2019].

Amber Alert,”AmberAler GPS locator”Available:https://www.safewise.com/resources/wearable-gps-tracking-devices-for-kids-guide/ [Accessed January 15, 2019].

Sri Lanka Police, “Grave crime abstract for the year 2018 for whole island from 01.01.2018 to 31.12.2018” Available:https://www.police.lk/images/crime/2019/disposal_of_grave_crime_poli cedivision.pdf [Accessed January 22, 2019].

NEO-6, “u-blox 6 GPS Modules”.GPS.G6-HW-09005-E datasheet, 2019.

SIM Com, “SIM800L_Hardware_Design_V1.00” SIM 800L datasheet, Aug. 2013

NEO-6””u-blox 6 Receiver Description Including Protocol” Specification (Public version)”, Docu. No. GPS.G6-SW-10018,2019

Anders Tolver, An n introduction to Markov chains. New York: Springer-Verlag, First printing, November 2016, ch. 3.pp. 67

Published
2019-10-23
Section
Articles